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T. PAINE PROFILE
no one understands nature's interconnections quite like University
of Washington zoologist Robert T. Paine. Bob's study of Tatoosh
Island off the Washington coast is the longest ongoing study of
a single area, by the same scientist, in the nation. His work
on competition among species resulted in one of the most important
principals of modern ecology; a principal called, "keystone species."
A fan of fog, cold weather and rainy places, Bob feels most at
home on Tatoosh. At 6'6"he easily leaps over the island's treacherous
terrain in his search for science among the tide pools, nooks
and crannies of his favorite outdoor laboratory.
Cambridge, Massachusetts, April 13, 1933
A.B.: 1954 Harvard University
Ph.D.: 1961 University of Michigan
Harvard Expedition to Chiapas, Mexico, Summer, 1954
Instructor, University of Michigan, 1960-61.
Professor of Zoology, University of Washington, 1962-67.
Professor of Zoology, University of Washington, 1967-71.
of Zoology, University of Washington, 1971-98.
emeritus of Zoology, University of Washington, Dec. 1998- .
Professor, Auckland University, Auckland, New Zealand, July,
1968 - June, 1969.
Professor, Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, August -
Marine Fellowship, American Museum of Natural History, 1959.
Postdoctoral Fellowship, Scripps Institution of Oceanography,
- Third Tansley
Lecturer, British Ecological Society, 1979.
- AAAS Fellow,
- John Simon
Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship, 1981-82.
Award, Ecological Society of America, 1983.
Academy of Sciences, 1986.
- The Ecology
Institute Prize (Germany), 1989.
of Science, Colby College, 1996.
Lectureship, British Ecological Society, 1996.
Wright Award; American Society of Naturalists, 1997.
Academy of Arts and Sciences, Fellow, 1999.
Board: Limnology and Oceanography, 1972-1975.
Board: Ecology, Ecological Monographs, 1971-1974.
- Panel Member,
Biological Oceanography, NSF, 1975-1977.
Ecological Society of America, 1977-1978.
- Board of
Directors, Palau Marine Research Institute, 1979-
Ecological Society of America, 1979-1980.
- NRC panels
(OCS Oil, 1987-90; Young Investigators, 1990-1994; Introduced
Marine Species, 1991; Valuation of Biodiversity, 1995- ; Ecosystem
Management, 1995- ; Board on Biology, 1996- ; Commission on
Life Sciences, 1998- ).
- Pew Fellows
Program (Marine Conservation Biology), Advisory Board, 1997-2000.
(from 1990 to current)
and indirect effects of Peregrine Falcon predation on Seabird
abundance (with J.T. Wootton and P.D. Boersma). Auk 107:1-9.
macroalgal competition: complication and consequences. J.
biology and ecological debate. In: Classics in Ecology,
Sinauer. (with Joel Kingsolver), pp. 309-317.
Scylla and Charybdis: Do some kinds of criticism merit a response?
web analysis through field measurement of per capita
interaction strength. Nature 355:73-75.
on processes influencing biological diversity on rocky shores.
Northwest Environ. Journal 8:148-150.
salty and salutary perspective on global change. Pp. 347-355
in (P.M. Kareiva, J.G. Kingsolver and R.B. Huey, eds.) Biotic
Intercations and Global Change. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland,
Rocky Shores and Community Ecology: an Experimentalist's Perspective.
Ecology Institute (Germany). 152 pp.
conversation on refining the concept of keystone species.
Conservation Biology 9: 962-964.
pp ix-x. Integration of Patterns and Dynamics. Eds. E.A. Polis
and K.O. Winemiller. Chapman & Hall.
in the quest for keystones. M.E. Power, et al. Bio Science,
interactions and habitat modification in nesting Common Murres,
Uria aalge. (With J. Parrish). Bird Conservation International
on oiled waters: lessons from the Exxon Valdez oil spill.
(With 7 co-authors). Annual Review Ecology and Systematics.
of productivity, consumers, competitors, and El Niño events
on food chain patterns in a rocky intertidal community. (With
J.T. Wootton, M.E. Power and C.A. Pfister). Proc. Natl.
Acad. Sci. 93:13855-13858
mechanics, sea-level changes and intertidal ecology. (With
M.W. Denny). Biol. Bull. 194:108-115.
perturbations yield ecological surprises. (With M.J. Tegner
and E.A. Johnson). Ecosystems 1:535-545.
a low-flow toilet can save a family of four more
than 1,350 gallons per month (American Water Works